Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by episodes of extreme mood swings. These mood swings can range from periods of very high energy and enthusiasm, known as mania or hypomania, to very low periods of depression or hopelessness. These episodes can last for several weeks, or even months, and can significantly impact the daily life of those living with bipolar disorder.

Bipolar Disorder

There are two main types of bipolar disorder. Bipolar I disorder involves at least one manic episode, often followed by periods of hypomania or depression. Bipolar II disorder involves hypomanic episodes rather than full manic episodes and is often characterized by recurrent episodes of depression.

Treatment for bipolar disorder often involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or dialectical behavior therapy. With proper treatment and support, individuals with bipolar disorder can lead healthy and fulfilling lives.

1. Mania: Feeling unusually high or euphoric, racing thoughts, poor judgment, increased activity levels, and decreased need for sleep.

2. Depression: Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and emptiness, lack of energy, difficulty sleeping, changes in appetite, and thoughts of suicide or self-harm.

3. Mixed episodes: A combination of mania and depression, which can result in feeling agitated, irritable, and anxious.

4. Changes in behavior: Engaging in high-risk behaviors, such as drug use or reckless driving, and difficulty staying focused or completing tasks.

It’s important to note that everyone with bipolar disorder may experience different symptoms, and the severity of the symptoms can vary. If you or someone you know are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to talk to a healthcare professional or mental health provider for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

There are several psychotherapy techniques that may be helpful for individuals with bipolar disorder, such as:

1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT):

This type of therapy helps patients identify and challenge negative thought patterns and behaviors that may contribute to mood swings.

2. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT):

This type of therapy helps patients establish a regular routine and manage interpersonal relationships, as disruptions in routine and unstable relationships can trigger bipolar symptoms.

3. Family-focused therapy (FFT):

This therapy helps patients, and their family members establish healthy communication and boundaries, and learn how to effectively manage episodes of mania or depression.

4. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT):

This therapy teaches patients mindfulness techniques, emotional regulation skills, and interpersonal effectiveness skills.

It’s important to note that medication management, in addition to psychotherapy, is often a critical component in treating bipolar disorder.

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Echocardiography – $250

Implantable Cardiac Monitor (ICM) – $150

Treadmill stress testing – $300

Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) – $115

Pacemaker checks– $333

Electrophysiology – $258

Holter monitoring – $464


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    Registered Psychotherapist by the college of Psychotherapists of Ontario

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